It’s very special for me to be here again at CSIS. A democratic, secure and stable African future can only be attained through the power of ideas and candid, informed debate, and that is always plentiful in this house. Your continuing commitment to Africa is a blessing for the continent and for the US too.
I am very glad to be here with close friends as well, first and foremost Mark Bellamy, and of course Johnnie Carson. These two remain the most astute and caring US ambassadors Kenya ever had, and subsequently the two most astute ambassadors Kenya ever had in the US!
The distinguished guests here attest to the recognition of Kenya as one of the most strategically important nations in Africa. Despite its relatively small economy, Kenya has played an outsize role in continental leadership because of its half century-long stability.
That stability also co-existed with vast democratic deficits which were successfully fought by a lengthy, painful but always peaceful struggle for greater freedoms. That is what brought us the extraordinary democratic and economic transformations few in Africa have achieved.
We were a safe haven from which concerned international partners could tackle all the crises that wracked virtually every one of our neighbors over the decades.
These achievements helped us maintain not just peace but an exceptional level of innovation and entrepreneurship that is renowned around the world, thanks to our people’s openness in embracing global currents, as well as our vibrant civil society and media.
Our partners too have played a crucial role in our great gains and in stabilizing our country when disasters occurred or threatened.
But all of this progress is being imperiled through our current crisis, the most long-lasting Kenya has ever endured.
The world must not be deceived that this is merely an “electoral” crisis triggered by the third straight rigged election. The crisis is all-encompassing and has resulted from the attempt to unlawfully hold on to power. It threatens to undo everything we have achieved, tearing apart our democratic and interethnic fabric.
Let me be blunt. Kenya is hurtling towards outright dictatorship. The Jubilee government has ridden roughshod over or looted every institution that they could in order to achieve their goal of long-term control of the state, or at least till their self-declared goal of ruling till at least 2032.
The regime has targeted and inflicted particularly severe damage on the two institutions that are central to the preservation of democracy and peace through the delivery of free, fair and credible elections – The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission and the Supreme Court of Kenya. These two critical institutions have been targeted through nothing less than a reign of terror.
The electoral commission was comprehensively undermined before the August election. The assault on the Supreme Court began after the courageous Chief Justice David Maraga and his fellow Justices astounded Kenyans and the world by annulling that election of President Uhuru Kenyatta for pervasive “irregularities and illegalities.”
Among the other great setbacks for Kenya in the current crisis has been the disappointing role of our partners, who were with us in the decisive struggle for multi democracy in the early 1990s. They also intervened with lightning speed during our catastrophe a decade ago, when mass violence erupted after the tainted 2007 election.
Kenya matters. Or at least it did then. In this crisis, though, the US and other pro-democracy friends chose to avert their gaze from the unfolding electoral lawlessness, and continued against all the evidence to support a deeply tainted electoral process. To give the most recent example, Commission Chairman Wafula Chebukati courageously confessed that his electoral commission was riven by politically-motivated pressures and that he could not guarantee a free and fair election in the 26 October re-run.
But in a stand that astounded Kenyans, western envoys two days later announced that they believed the commission could hold a credible poll and supported that highly controversial election. It was an utterly bizarre sight.
But I am convinced all is not lost yet. What Kenyans are asking is something small – a fresh, credible election. Numerous independent institutions, as well as international media previously supportive of Uhuru Kenyatta’s government, had strongly opposed the holding of that election.
This nearly universal stance has vindicated NASA’s position that a credible election is the only option Kenya has to give peace a chance, and even more important, heal a nation that has been torn into angry bits. But holding such an election needs a radically changed, non-confrontational environment in which the two sides can campaign on the basis of what they offer Kenyans for a better future.
I have come to Washington to convey a simple message we need a much fuller engagement from the many arms of governance that your country possesses to assist the envoys based in Nairobi. The envoys’ efforts up to now have not succeeded in defusing the crisis, but let me be blunt again, they have sometimes contributed to the problem.
Despite the grave challenges, I see glimmers of hope from the events of the past few days. Kenyans were very pleased that the US and other friends refused to congratulate Mr. Kenyatta after the electoral commission announced that he had been elected President –- after an election more woefully tainted than the annulled August one.
A solution must be found in Kenya soon. Each day this crisis continues, the divisions, polarization and radicalization deepen. The killings of scores of unarmed protestors by police, including infants and children shot inside their homes, and the severe financial hardships being inflicted upon millions by the currently paralyzed economy, are adding to the tinder.
The most inflammatory recent development was the Supreme Court’s being prevented from convening to hear the case about whether the 26th October re-run election should be held. But the evening before, Deputy Chief Justice Philomena Mwilu’s bodyguard was shot and grievously wounded. That sent shock waves and the Court immediately asked for increased protection from the police.
When that request was turned down, a number of Justices did not feel safe to travel to the Court, a resulting in the lack of the required quorum. In which other democratic country has a Supreme Court been prevented from hearing case this way?
What I call the reign of terror against the Supreme Court and the electoral commission began with the torture and murder of Chris Msando, the Commission’s Chief of Technology responsible for the integrity of the entire voting system one week before the 8th August election. He had received death threats and sought protection from the police, in vain.
Kenyans know that the decades-long struggle for justice and our grand new Constitutional order was waged and won peacefully. That is why NASA’s leadership is centered on a campaign of peaceful resistance to unlawfully constituted authority. We have convened a People’s Assembly to guide the country to a fresh, free and fair presidential election, as decreed by the Supreme Court.
That record of anti-democratic criminal behavior, which has included systematic measures limiting civil society and media protections, has made many wonder how our long-standing democratic partners have not publicly spoken up against these depredations.
Most of us worry that this is a result of international policies that exclusively focus on security and stability, and that the envoys in Nairobi believe only President Kenyatta can deliver this with his own force- and security-first agenda.
But when that agenda is accompanied by a government’s increasing authoritarianism and plans to stay permanently in power, Kenya’s historic stability is at fundamental risk. An anti-democratic culture in a freedom-loving country like Kenya is a recipe for radicalization and extremism.
That campaign and war against extremism and terrorism is pivotal in our time and in our region. But to succeed, it must begin WITHIN each of our countries by building a state that shuns sectarianism and makes inclusion and equity as its core values.
But that central continental struggle is not succeeding because too many countries have regressed in the last decade and lack an internal program of democratic inclusion and respect for rights, especially of marginalized communities, where extremism frequently originates. Too many African leaders just assess where western governments stand and align with their security policies.
As things stand now, anger and radicalization is growing by the day and unless this election crisis is expeditiously rectified, Kenya could be rendered incapable of protecting its own and its partners’ fundamental interests.
The depth of this crisis can be seen in the hitherto unheard of phenomenon of mainstream Kenyans feeling so deeply excluded that they are openly toying with the secessionist idea.
The path to enhance Kenya’s security – and therefore this region’s – would not be a terribly complex one in a democratic state with clean elections. The rascals would always be thrown out by the people! But it does seem that the path to sustainable security is an impossible one for a regime which is essentially composed of a powerful elite which has been at our country’s helm for the last 55 years.
In addition, our four presidents have come from only two communities and the next one preparing to take over after Uhuru is not from of the other 42 communities either.
As I said at the outset, these ills co-exist with extra-ordinary accomplishments by talented, hardworking and outward-looking Kenyans. Kenya’s future, and indeed Africa’s, lies in democracy.
Both the regime and our traditional partners must retrace their steps and accept that the current state of affairs endangers the nation, the region and the security and stability of the entire free world.
‘Reggea to Continue’ Uhuru Breaks his silence on BBI
Reer Yusuf Clan Leadership
The Leader of Reer Yusuf Suldan Macalin Adan Abdi Ismeil Guled Samatar was leading Reer Yusuf Clan for sixty-nine years since Somalia independency from nineteen sixty he worked all Somali government from the first Somali government of President Adan Abdulle Osman to the current government Of president Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo.
During Somalia civil war he was Peacemaker among Somali tribes who were in conflicts among themselves Suldan Macalin Adan Abdi Ismeal Guled Samtar was peace lovers to and initiated several peace project. He passed on 8th April 2021 at the age of 93. May his soul rest in peace.
Suldan Macalin Adan Abdi Ismeal Guled Samtar’s leadership was within the following district which are located within Gedo Region
- Jibraail Adan
- Qurux Adan
- Bees Adan
- Abdi Adan
- Reer Jibril
- Reer Ali Noor
- Reer Roble
- Reer Farah warmooga
- Mahamud Haarun
- Ahmed Haarun
- Abtidow Haarun
“Do Not Loan Us!” Kenyans On Twitter react to IMF’s 254bn shillings loan
On April 2, 2021, the Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved 38-month arrangements under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) and the Extended Fund Facility (EFF) for Kenya in an amount equivalent to 254.41 billion shillings to support the next phase of the authorities’ COVID-19 response and address the urgent need to reduce debt vulnerabilities. Approval of the ECF/EFF enables the immediate disbursement of about 307.5 million dollars, usable for budget support. This follows Fund emergency support to Kenya in May 2020, 100 percent of quota, equivalent to 739 million dollars at the time of approval.
The IMF Executive Board has approved a three-year financing package of US$2.34 billion to support Kenya's pandemic response and economic reform program. More here: https://t.co/zsMzCe2szY #IMFAfrica pic.twitter.com/iwa37ncaEK
— IMF (@IMFNews) April 2, 2021
The IMF announcement was met with an online uproar with many online users wondering why the government would take up more loans when they are already feeling the debt burden. A section of politicians also took to the online platforms, questioning the government’s decision to request for funds to combat the Covid-19 pandemic while counties had hardly received any monies.
Good Morning Mr. President? Why did Kenya borrow Ksh 214Billion to fight Covid-19 yet only 7billion was sent to 47 County Governments in total?
— Sen. Ledama Olekina (@ledamalekina) March 31, 2021
Kenya’s public debt stood at Sh7. 6 trillion as of June 2020, according to the 2021 Budget Policy Statement. The IMF however maintains Kenya’s debt is sustainable but it was at high risk of debt distress, and authorities should focus their near-term agenda on urgent structural policy challenges. “The program supported by EFF/ECF arrangements with the Fund provides a strong signal of support and confidence. It is also subject to notable risks, including from uncertainty about the path of the pandemic, and steadfast pursuit of the program objectives will be essential also considering the upcoming political calendar. The Kenyan authorities have demonstrated a strong commitment to fiscal reforms during this unprecedented global shock, and Kenya’s medium-term prospects remain positive” Ms. Antoinette Sayeh, Deputy Managing Director and Acting Chair, stated.
Here are some picks from the Trending hashtags since Friday.
— Bullet_🇰🇪 (@ButterBullet_) April 5, 2021
Kibaki left a public debt of ksh630B in 2013.Since Uhuru took over,our current debt is at Ksh11.9T including parastatals debts. In 9years Uhuru has borrowed Ksh9.6T i.e Ksh1.07T per year&Ksh88B per month on average. All that money is in people's pockets #stoploaningkenya pic.twitter.com/WzFycoliqq
— DON ALI (@Kimanzi_Don) April 5, 2021
— Bullet_🇰🇪 (@ButterBullet_) April 5, 2021
I believe your organization doesn't endorse corruption but by lending money to the Jubilee administration, you're funding corruption. The President confessed his government steals ksh. 2B daily. Stop funding corruption.
— BRAVIN YURI (@BravinYuri) April 5, 2021
Kenya isn't poor BUT poorly-governed!
Kenya isn't asleep BUT governed by drunken idiots!
Kenya doesn't borrow to invest BUT to fatten her greedy pigs!
Plz,leave the pigsty! Let our pigs feed on what we have!
Loans are burdening our descendants!#stoploaningkenya
— Wa-akili 👨⚖️ (@realThuranira) April 5, 2021
One Jefferson Murray has started a petition to the International Monetary Fund Board and is urging Kenyans to join in signing it. Part of the petition reads “Our President, Uhuru Kenyatta, is even on record as saying that Kshs.2 billion is lost daily to corruption in Kenya. The same President recently approved a luxury car grant bribe to junior lawmakers to pass controversial changes to the Constitution, punching another hole to an already strained budget. Some of the President’s close allies have been adversely implicated in the so-called “Covid Billionaires” scam, where billions of shillings from international donors was lost in irregular tenders for PPE at the height of the first wave of the Covid -19 pandemic. Nothing ever came out of the President’s commissioned probe into the scam. We are therefore calling on the IMF to suspend the disbursement of the loan package it recently approved until proper accountability mechanisms to ensure it will be prudently managed and accounted for are put in place!”
You can find the petition here: http://chng.it/qVr7QsyRVt
Senators Reach Consensus To Approve Third Basis Revenue Sharing Formula.
On Thursday, September 17, Senators unanimously voted to approve the third basis for sharing revenue among counties after a record 10 failed attempts to reach a consensus. All the 41 senators present in the House on the afternoon session voted to approve the formula.
From the proposed formula, no county loses revenue allocation.
“The motion for approval of the Third Basis Formula for Revenue Allocation among County Governments has be carried. The Ayes 41, Abstention 0, Nays 0,” Senate Speaker Kenneth Lusaka announced.
The Moses Wetangula and Johnstone Sakaja chaired 12 member committee that was tasked with a win-win formula had reached a consensus on the formula and briefed the rest of the house before the official sitting.
The proposed formula takes into account eight parameters; Basic share (20%), Population (18%), Health (17%), Poverty Level (14%), Agriculture (10%), Roads (8%), Land (8%) and Urban (5%).
In the new formula, Nairobi is the gains the highest amount with Ksh 3.3 billion. This will push it’s total allocation to Ksh 19 billion. Nakuru gains Ksh 2.5 billion, Kiambu Ksh 2.2 billion, Turkana Ksh 2 billion and Kakamega Ksh 1.9 billion. Tharaka Nithi is gaining the least amount of Ksh 289 million.
The Council of Governors through its Chairman Wycliffe Oparanya (Kakamega Governor) released a statement making a treat to shutdown operations in the counties stating it had been occasioned by lack of resources after senators failed to agree on the revenue sharing formula.
Kapseret MP Oscar Sudi To Remain Behind Bars For Seven More Days.
Oscar Kipchumba Sudi appeared before Nakuru Chief Magistrate Josephat Kalu on Wednesday, where he is charged with hate speech, offensive conduct, resisting arrest, being in unlawful possession of a firearm and assault of a police officer.
The legislator will now remain in police custody for 7 more days pending completion of investigations into allegations against him.
Sudi had already spent two days behind bars at the Nakuru Central police station pending a bail application ruling.
Before his arrest, the Kapseret MP insisted he had insulted no one and would not apologise.
The National Cohesion and Integration Commission (NCIC) and the police who are the prosecutors made an application in court seeking to hold Sudi for 14 days to conclude investigation. The prosecution said the MP is a flight risk having failed to surrender himself soon after he learnt he was being sought by the police. These claims were opposed by the accused lawyers who include Gladys Shollei(Uasin Gishu Women Representative) and Kipkoech Ng’etich.
Some leaders came to show solidarity with Sudi at the Nakuru law Courts. The leaders present included Elgeyo Marakwet Senator Kipchumba Murkomen and Nakuru Senator Susan Kihika, MPs Kimani Ngunjiri, Aisha Jumwa (Malindi), William Cheptumo (Baringo North), Charles Kamuren (Baringo south) and Caleb Kositany (Soi).